As almost any cereal containing certain sugars can undergo spontaneous fermentation due to wild yeasts in the air, it is possible that beer-like beverages were independently developed throughout the world soon after a tribe or culture had domesticated cereal. Chemical tests of ancient pottery jars reveal that beer was produced about 7,000 years ago in what is today Iran, and was one of the first-known biological engineering tasks where the biological process of fermentation is used in a process. In Mesopotamia, the oldest evidence of beer is believed to be a 6,000-year-old Sumerian tablet depicting people drinking a beverage through reed straws from a communal bowl. A 3900 year old Sumerian poem honoring Ninkasi, the patron goddess of brewing, contains the oldest surviving beer recipe, describing the production of beer from barley via bread.
The invention of bread and/or beer has been argued to be responsible for humanity's ability to develop technology and build civilization. The earliest chemically confirmed barley beer to date was discovered at Godin Tepe in the central Zagros Mountains of Iran, ca. 3500-3100 B.C. (Chalcolithic/Late Uruk Period).
Beer may have been known in Neolithic Europe as far back as 3000 BC, and was mainly brewed on a domestic scale.
Ale produced before the Industrial Revolution continued to be made and sold on a domestic scale, although by the 7th century AD beer was also being produced and sold by European monasteries. During the Industrial Revolution, the production of beer moved from artisanal manufacture to industrial manufacture, and domestic manufacture ceased to be significant by the end of the 19th century. The development of hydrometers and thermometers changed brewing by allowing the brewer more control of the process, and greater knowledge of the results.
This easy chili with ground beef and sausage will satisfy your family. And the stove does most of the work.
Debo’s Green Texas Chili
Debo’s Green Texas Chili
Copyright 2012, Debo, Christine’s Pantry. All rights reserved.
1 pound ground pork sausage
1 pound ground beef
3 cubes chipotle
1 teaspoon white pepper
1 teaspoon cumin
1 onion, chopped
1 (12 oz.) beer, use your favorite beer
1 tablespoon garlic, minced
2 (16.7 oz.) bottle salsa verde
In large pot, over medium heat, add ground pork sausage and ground beef, cook until no longer pink. Add remaining ingredients. Reduce heat, simmer for 30 minutes. Enjoy!